Summary of Action
Senior Chief Special Warfare Operator (SEAL) Edward C. Byers Jr.: For actions during Operation Enduring Freedom on Dec. 8, 2012
Chief Special Warfare Operator (SEAL) Edward C. Byers Jr., United States Navy, distinguished himself by heroic gallantry as an Assault Team Member attached to a Joint Task Force in support of Operation ENDURING FREEDOM on 8 December 2012.
Dr. Dilip Joseph is an American citizen, who was abducted with his driver and Afghan interpreter on 5 December 2012. Intelligence reports indicated that Dr. Joseph might be transported to another location as early as 9 December 2012. Dr. Joseph was being held in a small, single-room building.
The target compound was located in a remote area beside a mountain in the Qarghah’i District of Laghman Province, Afghanistan. Chief Byers was part of the rescue team that planned to make entry into the room of guards where the hostage was believed to be located. Success of the rescue operation relied upon surprise, speed, and aggressive action. Trading personal security for speed of action was inherent to the success of this rescue mission. Each assaulter in the rescue force volunteered for this operation with full appreciation for the risks they were to undertake.
With the approval of the Commander of all International Security Assistance Forces in Afghanistan, the rescue force launched from its forward operating base. The infiltration was an exhaustive patrol across unimproved trails and mountainous terrain. After nearly four hours of patrolling, the rescue force was positioned to make its assault on the target compound.
As the patrol closed to within 25 meters of the target building, a guard became aware of the rescue force. The forward-most assaulter shot at the guard and ran towards the door to make entry as the guard disappeared inside. Chief Byers was the second assaulter in a sprint towards the door. Six layers of blankets securely fastened to the ceiling and walls served as the Afghan door. While Chief Byers tried to rip down the blankets, the first assaulter pushed his way through the doorway and was immediately shot by enemy AK-47 fire. Chief Byers, fully aware of the hostile threat inside the room, boldly entered and immediately engaged a guard pointing an AK-47 towards him. As he was engaging that guard, another adult male darted towards the corner of the room. Chief Byers could not distinguish if the person may have been the hostage scrambling away or a guard attempting to arm himself with an AK-47 that lay in the corner. Chief Byers tackled the unknown male and seized control of him. While in hand-to-hand combat, Chief Byers maintained control of the unknown male with one hand, while adjusting the focus of his night vision goggles (NVGs) with his other. Once his NVGs were focused, he recognized that the male was not the hostage and engaged the struggling armed guard.
By now other team members had entered the room and were calling to Dr. Joseph to identify himself. Chief Byers heard an unknown voice speak English from his right side. He immediately leaped across the room and selflessly flung his body on top of the American hostage, shielding him from the continued rounds being fired across the room. Almost simultaneously, Chief Byers identified an additional enemy fighter directly behind Dr. Joseph. While covering the hostage with his body, Chief Byers was able to pin the enemy combatant to the wall with his hand around the enemy’s throat. Unable to fire any effective rounds into the enemy, Chief Byers was able to restrain the combatant enough to enable his teammate to fire precision shots, eliminating the final threat within the room.
Chief Byers quickly talked to Dr. Joseph, confirming that he was able to move. He and his Team Leader stood Dr. Joseph up, calmed him, and let him know he was safe with American Forces. Once Dr. Joseph was moved to the helicopter-landing zone, Chief Byers, a certified paramedic and 18D medic, assisted with the rendering of medical aid to the urgent surgical assaulter. Chief Byers and others performed CPR during the 40-minute flight to Bagram Airfield where his teammate was declared deceased.
Chief Petty Officer Byers displayed superior gallantry, extraordinary heroism at grave personal risk, dedication to his teammates, and calm tactical leadership while liberating Dr. Dilip Joseph from captivity. He is unquestionably deserving of the Medal of Honor.
SENIOR CHIEF SPECIAL WARFARE OPERATOR (SEAL) EDWARD C. BYERS JR.
UNITED STATES NAVY
For service set forth in the following
FOR CONSPICUOUS GALLANTRY AND INTREPIDITY AT THE RISK OF HIS LIFE ABOVE AND BEYOND THE CALL OF DUTY AS A HOSTAGE RESCUE FORCE TEAM MEMBER IN AFGHANISTAN IN SUPPORT OF OPERATION ENDURING FREEDOM FROM 8 TO 9 DECEMBER 2012. AS THE RESCUE FORCE APPROACHED THE TARGET BUILDING, AN ENEMY SENTRY DETECTED THEM AND DARTED INSIDE TO ALERT HIS FELLOW CAPTORS. THE SENTRY QUICKLY REEMERGED, AND THE LEAD ASSAULTER ATTEMPTED TO NEUTRALIZE HIM. CHIEF BYERS WITH HIS TEAM SPRINTED TO THE DOOR OF THE TARGET BUILDING. AS THE PRIMARY BREACHER, CHIEF BYERS STOOD IN THE DOORWAY FULLY EXPOSED TO ENEMY FIRE WHILE RIPPING DOWN SIX LAYERS OF HEAVY BLANKETS FASTENED TO THE INSIDE CEILING AND WALLS TO CLEAR A PATH FOR THE RESCUE FORCE. THE FIRST ASSAULTER PUSHED HIS WAY THROUGH THE BLANKETS, AND WAS MORTALLY WOUNDED BY ENEMY SMALL ARMS FIRE FROM WITHIN. CHIEF BYERS, COMPLETELY AWARE OF THE IMMINENT THREAT, FEARLESSLY RUSHED INTO THE ROOM AND ENGAGED AN ENEMY GUARD AIMING AN AK-47 AT HIM. HE THEN TACKLED ANOTHER ADULT MALE WHO HAD DARTED TOWARDS THE CORNER OF THE ROOM. DURING THE ENSUING HAND-TO-HAND STRUGGLE, CHIEF BYERS CONFIRMED THE MAN WAS NOT THE HOSTAGE AND ENGAGED HIM. AS OTHER RESCUE TEAM MEMBERS CALLED OUT TO THE HOSTAGE, CHIEF BYERS HEARD A VOICE RESPOND IN ENGLISH AND RACED TOWARD IT. HE JUMPED ATOP THE AMERICAN HOSTAGE AND SHIELDED HIM FROM THE HIGH VOLUME OF FIRE WITHIN THE SMALL ROOM. WHILE COVERING THE HOSTAGE WITH HIS BODY, CHIEF BYERS IMMOBILIZED ANOTHER GUARD WITH HIS BARE HANDS, AND RESTRAINED THE GUARD UNTIL A TEAMMATE COULD ELIMINATE HIM. HIS BOLD AND DECISIVE ACTIONS UNDER FIRE SAVED THE LIVES OF THE HOSTAGE AND SEVERAL OF HIS TEAMMATES. BY HIS UNDAUNTED COURAGE, INTREPID FIGHTING SPIRIT, AND UNWAVERING DEVOTION TO DUTY IN THE FACE OF NEAR CERTAIN DEATH, CHIEF PETTY OFFICER BYERS REFLECTED GREAT CREDIT UPON HIMSELF AND UPHELD THE HIGHEST TRADITIONS OF THE UNITED STATES NAVAL SERVICE.
SIGNED BARACK H. OBAMA
Senior Chief Special Warfare Operator (SEAL) Edward C. Byers Jr.
Senior Chief Edward C. Byers Jr. was born in Toledo, Ohio in 1979. He grew up in Grand Rapids, Ohio. In 1997, he graduated from Otsego High School where he played varsity soccer. Byers joined the Navy in September 1998, and subsequently attended Recruit Training and Corpsman “A” School in Great Lakes, Illinois.
Byers started his naval career as a Hospital Corpsman. In 1998, he was assigned to Great Lakes Naval Hospital. In 1999, he served with 2nd Battalion, 2nd Marines in Camp Lejeune, North Carolina, where he deployed with the 26th Marine Expeditionary Unit aboard USS AUSTIN (LPD 4). During deployment he earned his Enlisted Surface Warfare Specialist (ESWS) badge and Fleet Marine Force (FMF) warfare device.
In 2002, Byers attended Basic Underwater Demolition SEAL (BUD/S) training and graduated with Class 242. After graduation, he attended the Special Operations Combat Medic (SOCM) course. SOCS Byers has been assigned to East Coast SEAL Teams. He was promoted to the rank of Senior Chief Petty Officer in January of 2016.
Byers has deployed overseas 11 times with nine combat tours. His personal decorations include the Bronze Star with Valor (five awards), the Purple Heart (two awards), the Joint Service Commendation Medal with Valor, the Navy Commendation Medal (three awards, one with Valor), the Combat Action ribbon (two awards), and the Good Conduct Medal (five awards).
Byers holds a National Paramedics License, and has studied Strategic Studies and Defense Analysis at Norwich University. Byers is married and has a daughter.
Navy Medal of Honor Facts
Senior Chief Byers is the 6th Navy SEAL in history to receive the Medal of Honor.
Senior Chief Byers is one of only eight living Navy Medal of Honor recipients. There are 78 living recipients total.
There have been 745 Medals of Honor awarded to Navy personnel. (308 of those were for actions during the Civil War)
Only two Navy service members have received the Medal of Honor for actions subsequent to the Vietnam War, and both of those awards were posthumous. (Lieutenant Michael Murphy and Petty Officer Michael Monsoor, both SEALs)
The most recent Navy recipient of the Medal of Honor was Petty Officer 2nd Class Michael Monsoor, who was posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor by President George W. Bush on Apr. 8, 2008.
The most recent living Navy recipient of the Medal of Honor was Robert Ingram, who left the Navy in 1968, and was later awarded the Medal of Honor by President Bill Clinton on Jul. 10, 1998 for actions during the Vietnam War.
Senior Chief Byers is the first living active duty member of the U.S. Navy to receive the Medal of Honor since Apr. 6, 1976, the late Rear Admiral James Stockdale and Lieutenant Thomas Norris (also a SEAL) each received the decoration from President Gerald Ford.
Senior Chief Byers is the first living active duty enlisted member of the U.S. Navy to receive the Medal of Honor since Petty Officer Michael Thornton (also a SEAL) was awarded the Medal of Honor by President Richard Nixon on Oct., 15 1973.
This is the 14th Medal of Honor awarded for actions in Afghanistan. Including Senior Chief Byers, 11 of those 14 awards were to living recipients. Four Medals of Honor were awarded posthumously for actions in Iraq.